NIH scientists identify gene linked to fatal inflammatory disease in children
Repurposed drugs may offer first potential therapy
Asthma medication linked to growth suppression in children
A review of past studies has found that inhaled corticosteroids used to treat asthma could result in restricting the growth of children who have the condition.
Could the cause of cerebral palsy run in the family?
A study published by a research team from Norway has found that babies born into families in which someone has cerebral palsy are more likely to develop the condition themselves.
Amblyopia Tx at Young Age Results in Good Vision Later
Outcomes are similar regardless of initial treatment with atropine or patching
Common Treatment Doesn't Help Infants With Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Inhaled nitric oxide is widely used in infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH), but there's no evidence that it significantly improves outcomes, according to a database study.
iPads Can Trigger Nickel Allergies in Kids
When an 11-year-old boy in San Diego developed a nasty skin allergy, doctors traced it to the nickel in his family's iPad.
Ultrasonography Accurately Diagnoses Hand Bony Fractures in Children
Ultrasonography diagnoses hand bony fractures in pediatric patients with greater than 90% accuracy, researchers from Italy report.
Spoonfuls don't help the medicine go down safely: They can lead to dosing mistakes, study says
The song says a spoonful of sugar helps the medicine go down, but a study says that kind of imprecise measurement can lead to potentially dangerous dosing mistakes.
For sleep-related infant deaths, bed-sharing is greatest risk factor
Parents should think twice before sharing their bed with an infant; a new study suggests bed-sharing is the leading cause of sleep-related deaths in younger infants.
Teens, ATVs a Dangerous Combo
Iowa study found three-quarters of kids drove the off-road vehicles, more than half were in accidents
Delaying Kid's Knee Surgery Could Be a Bad Play, Study Finds
Secondary injuries more common among children who postpone ligament repair, research shows
Emergency Surgeries on Weekends Riskier for Kids: Study
Possible explanations include fewer hospital staffers, slower response times, researchers say
Postop Tympanostomy Tube Obstruction Common
More than 10% of children undergoing tympanostomy had postoperative tube obstruction, with serous fluid and increased time to follow-up visit predicting tube occlusion.
Some Teens May Face Emotional Problems After Concussion
Those with light or noise sensitivities post-injury seem to be more affected, study found
Family support programs and adolescent mental health: review of evidence (Journal article)
The primary focus of this review is on evaluating the effectiveness of family support programs as treatments or prevention efforts delivered by clinicians or peers.
Early Hypothermia Shows Long-Term Benefits in Children Starved of Oxygen at Birth
The benefits of hypothermia treatment for newborns deprived of oxygen at birth persist at age six and seven, according to an updated evaluation of the TOBY trial published in the July 10 New England Journal of Medicine.
Algorithm Cuts Pediatric CT Use in Suspected Appendicitis
A simple algorithm including components such as physical exam and ultrasound can help diagnose appendicitis in children and reduce the need for computed tomography (CT), researchers say.
Infant Weight at Diagnosis Tied to Retinopathy Severity
Postnatal weight at diagnosis of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) can help determine when treatment may be warranted, according to Swedish and US researchers.
Incidence of Pediatric TB Higher Than Expected
In 22 high-burden countries, incidence is higher than the number of infections
Researchers Say They've Found New Clues to Autism
Gene mutation appears linked to subtype of disorder
Gut Flora Linked With Vaccine Response in Infants
Young infants had a stronger immune response to oral and parenteral vaccines when their intestinal microflora were dominated by a single bacteria genus, especially Bifidobacteria, rather than by diverse flora.
Pulmonary Hypertension in Infants: Subcutaneous Treprostinil?
Subcutaneous treprostinil appears to be a good option for treating severe pulmonary arterial hypertension in former premature infants.
1 in 6 Teens Treated in ER Has History of Dating Violence: Study
Researchers surveyed nearly 4,100 teens, aged 14 to 20, who came to a suburban ER and found that one in five girls and one in eight boys reported dating violence in the past year.
Neurocognitive Deficits Seen Within Days of T1DM Diagnosis
Psychomotor impairment at diagnosis associated with glycemic control at one year postdiagnosis
Preterm newborns '30-50% more likely to survive in busy neonatal centers'
In the UK, high-volume neonatal centers were found to increase the chances of survival for babies born prematurely by 30%, and by 50% for very premature births.
Direct admission could cut care costs for kids with pneumonia: study
Direct admission of children with pneumonia could result in lower hospital costs than admission through the emergency department (ED).
Study of Patient-care Handoffs at Children's Hospitals Reveals That Implementation of Evidence-based Practices Can Reduce Miscommunication and Medical Errors Among Health Care Providers
Twenty-three children's hospitals achieved a 69 percent reduction in handoff-related failures
Non-PEG Colonoscopy Bowel Prep Seems Preferable in Children
For kids who need colonoscopy, bowel prep might best be done with a low-volume solution of sodium picosulfate plus magnesium oxide and citric acid, according to Italian researchers.
Home Nurse Visits May Improve Survival of Moms, Babies
Deaths were far more common when poor women did not receive follow-up care, study finds
PCV-13 May Not Fully Protect Children With Comorbidity
Among children vaccinated with PCV13, invasive pneumococcal disease is more common in those with comorbidities, suggesting routine vaccination may not be enough to reduce this risk.
ECG Improves Risk Assessment for Cardiac Arrest in Young Athletes
Screening young athletes for cardiac disease with electrocardiography yields a low false-positive rate, according to new findings.
Pediatric Crohn's disease: epidemiology and emerging treatment options (Journal article)
The marked recent increase in Crohn's disease, especially in children, has prompted a large research effort which to date has led to a better knowledge of the biology of the disease and more effective treatments.